This agreement divided Spain's Italian territories between Louis's son le Grand Dauphin and the Archduke Charles, with the rest of the empire awarded to Joseph Ferdinand. French military successes near the end of the war took place against the background of a changed political situation in Austria. However, Louis first had to neutralize Nicolas Fouquet, the Superintendent of Finances, in order to give Colbert a free hand. Although it sanctioned slavery, it attempted to humanise the practice by prohibiting the separation of families. It is believed that Louis's policies were rooted in his experiences during the Fronde, when men of high birth readily took up the rebel cause against their king, who was actually the kinsman of some. More challenging skills were required to perform this dance with movements very much resembling court behaviors, as a way to remind the nobles of the king's absolute power and their own status. France established contact with Francis II Rákóczi and promised support if he took up the cause of Hungarian independence. The Death of Louis XIV began as an instillation piece. Execution of Louis XVI, 21 January 1793 - YouTube. [37], The French were forced to retreat from the Dutch Republic but these advantages allowed them to hold their ground in Alsace and the Spanish Netherlands, while retaking Franche-Comté. His supporters, however, distinguish the state, which was impoverished, from France, which was not. Palacefrom 9:00 am to 5:30 pmclosed on Mondays, Estate of Trianonfrom 12:00 pm to 5:30 pmclosed on Mondays, Coach Galleryfrom 12:30 pm to 5:30 pmclosed on Mondays, + 33 1 30 83 78 00price of a call to France, Musical Fountains Shows and Musical Gardens, Versailles, “capital” of the kingdom, 1682, Marriage of the Duke of Burgundy to Marie-Adélaïde, 1697, Reception of the Ambassador of Siam, 1686, The party of the Delights of the Enchanted Island, Research centre of the Palace of Versailles. Louis XIV was called the "Sun King." The anti-Bourbon Napoleon described him not only as "a great king", but also as "the only King of France worthy of the name". It was not only that life became insecure and unpleasant – a fate meted out to many children in all ages – but that Louis had to be taken into the confidence of his mother and Mazarin and political and military matters of which he could have no deep understanding". [30] The marriage treaty specified that Maria Theresa was to renounce all claims to Spanish territory for herself and all her descendants. One night, at the chateau de Versailles, a group of selected people gathered, sworn to complete secrecy, to witness the second marriage of Louis XIV. He was a king for 72 years. [107], Louis greatly emphasized etiquettes in ballet dancing, evidently seen in "La belle danse" (the French noble style). Lorraine, which had been occupied by the French since 1670, was returned to its rightful Duke Leopold, albeit with a right of way to the French military. [116], Some historians point out that it was a customary demonstration of piety in those days to exaggerate one's sins. Leading contemporaries thus regarded him as a divine gift and his birth a miracle of God. Louis XIV became king at the age of four. Marriage of Louis XIV of France and Maria Theresa of Spain. Pondichéry and Acadia were returned to France, and Louis's de facto possession of Saint-Domingue was recognised as lawful. As supporting evidence, they cite the literature of the time, such as the social commentary in Montesquieu's Persian Letters. Anne imprisoned any aristocrat or member of parliament who challenged her will; her main aim was to transfer to her son an absolute authority in the matters of finance and justice. In addition to portraits, Louis commissioned at least 20 statues of himself in the 1680s, to stand in Paris and provincial towns as physical manifestations of his rule. The prospect of Dutch defeat led Leopold to an alliance with Brandenburg-Prussia on 23 June, followed by another with the Republic on 25th. The best example of Anne's statesmanship and the partial change in her heart towards her native Spain is seen in her keeping of one of Richelieu's men, the Chancellor of France Pierre Séguier, in his post. [114], Line of succession to the French throne upon the death of Louis XIV in 1715. Versailles became a dazzling, awe-inspiring setting for state affairs and the reception of foreign dignitaries. [104][105], Ballet dancing was actually used by Louis as a political tool to hold power over his state. [51] For this purpose, an elaborate court ritual was created wherein the king became the centre of attention and was observed throughout the day by the public. The system was outrageously unjust in throwing a heavy tax burden on the poor and helpless. French diplomacy secured Bavaria, Portugal, and Savoy as Franco-Spanish allies.[83]. Louis XIV, also popularly known as the Sun King (5 September 1638–1 September 1715) was the King of France and King of Navarre from 14 May 1643 until his death. The duo allowed the Palatinate and Austria to occupy Bavaria after their victory at the Battle of Blenheim. Bolster French commerce and trade erupted in louis xiv death as a result, and expenditure! 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