Public Safety Canada defines human trafficking as "the recruitment, transportation, harbouring and/or exercising control, direction or influence over the movements of a person in order to exploit that person, typically through sexual exploitation or forced labour. Bill C-49 also ensures that trafficking may form the basis of a warrant to intercept private communications and to take bodily samples for DNA analysis, and permits inclusion of the offender in the sex offender registry. Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. That amount is based on figures obtained from federal and local investigators, public organizations and medical universities. Though the entire month of January has already been recognized as National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, this day is specifically dedicated to awareness and prevention of the illegal practice. In 1902, the International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic was drafted. Human trafficking is the Illegal exploitation including the utilization of power, misrepresentation, or compulsion to get some sort of work or commercial sex act.Traffickers may use violence, manipulative or false promises to provide high-paying jobs or romantic relationships to lure victims into a trafficking … "For vulnerable Aboriginal youth, often faced with low self-esteem and a lack of sense of belonging, gangs can offer both of these through enrollment". [20] They willingly leave their home and community only to discover that the promise was too good to be true and they are forced into sex slavery. [citation needed] This was updated in 2010. An exploration of promising practices in response to human trafficking Human trafficking is a problem because of factors including: Harder to become a legal immigrant in the places where victims are trying to go in sexual activities ranging from prostitution, pornography and sex trafficking. [27] In general, the high rates of migration from a reserve (rural area) to an urban centre also poses an increased risk and entry point through which vulnerable Aboriginal women and girls may be exploited. The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) said on Monday that an increase in employee training on what human trafficking is and how it operates worldwide is "paying off significantly. Until the year 2000, there was no internationally recognized definition of sex trafficking. However, trafficking also takes place as labor exploitation, including domestic servitude, sweatshop factories, agricultural work and more. Following the ratification in Canada of the UN Protocol, Parliament passed legislation to amend the Criminal Code with Bill C-49. [5] The Human Trafficking Taskforce was established in June 2012 to replace the Interdepartmental Working Group on Trafficking in Persons[6] as the body responsible for the development of public policy related to human trafficking in Canada. [20]Colonization in Canada has taken and maintains the form of systematic discrimination, embodied in harmful policies and legislation that have greatly damaged Aboriginal societies. U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in "Tier 1" in 2017. [20], Article 8c of the (UNDRIP) asserts that "States shall provide effective mechanisms for prevention of, and redress for any form of forced population transfer which has the aim or effect of violating or undermining any of the rights of Indigenous Peoples. [18] The United States only started monitoring human trafficking in 1994 and it was only then that various laws against human trafficking were passed in the country. Most of the victims were from Myanmar. National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking, Interdepartmental Working Group on Trafficking in Persons, The Canadian Centre to End Human Trafficking, Canada's National Human Trafficking Hotline, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (minimum sentence for offences involving trafficking of persons under the age of eighteen years), An Act to amend the Criminal Code (trafficking in persons), "Falling Short of the Mark: An International Study on the Treatment of Human Trafficking Victims", "Head of human trafficking ring gets 9 years", "The Harper Government Launches Canada's National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking", "Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography", "Trafficking in Persons Report 2017: Tier Placements", "Human Trafficking in Canada: A Threat Assessment. The claim: The president signed 9 executive orders to combat child trafficking. [27] They are manipulated and lured by sex traffickers. [20] Aboriginal women have the right to protection and safety of the law regardless of the views of others that they are choosing prostitution. No one knows at this point in time, how many of these disappearances are linked to the flesh market and, perhaps, domestic sex trafficking, but many believe that the two are likely related. [33] This is a complete violation of their human rights and States have an obligation to invest effective mechanisms, interventions, programs and services to address this issue. [4] On June 6, 2012, the Government of Canada established the National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking in order to oppose human trafficking. So, when did human trafficking start? Domestic sex trafficking has recently been gaining attention in Canada. 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